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United States of America
stamppages : free online postage stamp catalogue : United States of America 1875
|1876: Colorado Territory was admitted as the 38th state, Colorado.|
The Treaty of Bern was signed on October 9, 1874, establishing what was then known as the General Postal Union (now UPU). The treaty provided that: there should be a uniform flat rate to mail a letter anywhere in the world; postal authorities should give equal treatment to foreign and domestic mail; each country should retain all money it has collected for international postage.
The 1-cent Franklin of the new Bank Note Issues was first used in July 1887. It was actually the last of the new designs created and released by American Bank Note Company. The previous Franklin issues, which had been designed and engraved by National Bank Note Company, had been in continuous use for 17 years (1870-1887). A single 1-cent stamp could have paid the postcard rate; two 1-cent stamps, the double-weight first-class domestic rate; or, in combination with other denominations, larger rates.
The new 2-cent Washington stamp went into use a few months after the first-class domestic rate was reduced from three cents to two cents. Washingtons image replaced Andrew Jackson (who had been on the earlier two-cent stamp) because Washington had been on every stamp that paid the single-weight first-class rate. The new 2-cent Washington was issued in a red brown color in 1883. When it was printed again (1887-1890), it was printed in green. It is one of the most common stamps in American philately because almost eight billion were printed.
The 3-cent Washington of the 1882-1890 New Bank Note Issue was released in a vermilion color during the fall of 1887. Though printed from the same plate as the stamp in the the 1881-1882 Re-Engraved Issue, its color departed dramatically from the green shades of the previous issues. This re-engraved design differs slightly from its predecessors. See the shading that outlines the outside of the oval frame line around Washingtons portrait. That shading on the re-engraved stamp has a narrower width than the previous issues. There is also an added horizontal dash under the frame line below the "T" of "CENTS." Because the domestic rate for a half-ounce first-class letter was two cents, the 3-cent Washington stamp served no direct single-weight use. Instead, it was frequently used to pay multiple-weight rates or, in combination with other denominations, higher foreign destination rates. Approximately 15 million stamps of this issue were printed by American Bank Note Company.
American Bank Note printed the 30-cent Hamilton in 1888. National Bank Note Company had designed and engraved this stamp for its 1870-1871 Issue. NBNCo, Continental Bank Note, and American Bank Note printed the design for nearly twenty years. The same was true for the 90-cent Oliver Perry. This was the longest printing of a single design of any regular issue during the Classic Period. This last 1888 printing of the 30-cent Hamilton was released in an orange brown color, which was a complete departure from the full black ink used to print the 1879 Issue. The 1888 stamp was used primarily in combination with other denominations to fulfill expensive rates.
The 90-cent Oliver H. Perry of the New Bank Notes Issues was the final, large, bank note-size rendition of the famous stamp. The original National Bank Note Company design had been in continuous use since 1870, almost twenty years. This was the longest printing of a single design of any of the regular issues during the Classic Period. The 30-cent denomination of this 1888 Issue shared this distinction. American Bank Note Company used a purple color for the 1888 printing. This was the first and only major color difference in all its printings. The 90-cent denomination was the highest denomination of the entire Bank Note stamp era. The stamp was typically used in combination with other denominations to fulfill expensive rates.